MAKE FCBVN GREAT AGAIN

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Trọng tài Iturralde González đã đưa ra nhiều nhận xét trong suốt sự nghiệp cầm còi của mình. Thông thường những vấn đề nóng hổi của trọng tài đều sẽ xoay quanh chủ đề không bao giờ nhàm chán El Clásico. Năm 2014, khi tham gia trả lời phỏng vấn chương trình Tiki Taka của MarcaTV, Iturralde đã công khai tư tưởng của mình về 'tính người' có sẵn trong mỗi trọng tài.

"Các trọng tài người Tây Ban Nha không phải đến từ sao hỏa. Bạn trở thành trọng tài bởi vì bạn yêu thích bóng đá; và nếu bạn đã yêu bóng đá thì tôi không nghĩ rằng có ai đó lại không yêu quý một đội bóng nào cả. Tôi may mắn khi sinh ra ở Bilbao và khi ở Bilbao thì mọi người đều gắn mình với Athletic. Tuy nhiên, ở Tây Ban Nha thì phần lớn đến từ Real Madrid hoặc Barcelona bởi vì họ là những đội hay chiến thắng. Và rồi các trọng tài cũng thế, đa phần là từ Real Madrid".

Lần này trả lời trên chương trình "El Larguero de la SER", cựu trọng tài xứ Basque đã định lượng được quan niệm của mình lúc xưa với câu trả lời khi được hỏi rằng có bao nhiều trọng tài tới từ Real Madrid và bao nhiêu từ Barcelona. Ông đã đưa ra con số "90% - 10%".

Chuyện Real Madrid được hưởng lợi không phải là chuyện bây giờ mới biết. Khách quan mà nói Real Madrid là đội bóng xuất sắc nên rất dễ được hâm mộ. Khi có chút cảm tình với đội bóng này thì rất dễ mắc sai lầm trong lúc cầm còi. Vài ngày trước, trọng tài người Anh cầm còi trong trận chung kết Champions League 2016 giữa Real Madrid và Atletico Madrid là Mark Clattenburg đã thú nhận mắc sai lầm khi công nhận bàn thắng của Sergio Ramos trong tư thế việt vị.

"Mặc dù Barça có thích hay không, có đến tận 70% người Tây Ban Nha, kể cả một số người Catalunya ủng hộ Real Madrid."
"Ngày nay, những người trẻ đến với Barcelona vì những gì mà thầy trò Pep Guardiola đã làm được. Nhưng trước kỷ nguyên của Leo Messi, thử hỏi có mấy ai là fan của Barcelona."

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denpietrau

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Barça mở bán khẩu trang thương hiệu riêng chính thức trên các kệ của Barça store. Sản phẩm đã được đưa đến làng thời trang La Roca để người mua đến lựa chọn.

BLM (Barça Licensing & Merchandising) là đơn vị sản xuất khẩu trang. Mặt nạ dùng 100% bông sinh học có thể giặt lại 40 lần và được khuyến cáo thời gian giữa các lần giặt là 8 tiếng. Giá của mỗi chiếc là 18 euro.

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106099052_273367917425378_1462966811391904464_o.jpg


Bộ phận kiểm toán độc lập từ PricewaterhouseCoopers đã đưa ra 5 kết luận liên quan đến scandal của Barça gần đây:

  1. Trong các bản hợp đồng liên quan đến việc theo dõi và phân tích phương tiện truyền thông, FC Barcelona đã không yêu cầu thực hiện chiến dịch phỉ báng bất cứ cá nhân nào.
  2. Không có sự tồn tại của tham nhũng.
  3. Giá trị của các dịch vụ ký kết nằm trong mức giá của thị trường.
  4. Mặc dù vậy, CLB thừa nhận việc chính thức hóa và gia hạn hợp đồng không tuân thủ các biện pháp kiểm soát nội bộ. HĐQT đã được thông báo về việc này trong nhiều lần.
  5. Dựa theo yêu cầu và những dich vụ đã ký kết, các công ty cung cấp chưa thực hiện đầy đủ phần việc thực sự của họ.

Phát biểu về những kết luận này, phát ngôn viên CLB, ông Josep Vives cho hay:

“Sau hai tháng bị buộc tội, Barça yêu cầu các phương tiện truyền thông cải chính lại các thông tin. [Những lời đồn] đã bị bác bỏ bởi một bản báo cáo được đưa ra bởi các kiểm toán viên, những người có quyền truy cập vô hạn vào nguồn thông tin.”

Chi tiết tại đây: https://www.fcbarcelona.com/en/club...-carried-by-the-firm-price-waterhouse-coopers

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denpietrau

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CUPRA Formentor trở thành thương hiệu xe oto chính thức của FC Barcelona. Đây là thương hiệu oto Tây Ban Nha với các mẫu thiết kế, lịch sử phát triển và sản xuất tại Barcelona.

Việc bắt tay kết hợp giữa 2 thương hiệu toàn cầu này của Barcelona được kỳ vọng sẽ truyền cảm hứng giá trị của thành phố đến với thế giới. Các cầu thủ Barcelona sẽ đi những chiếc xe được sản xuất ở quê nhà. Marc Ter Stegen vốn là đại sứ thương hiệu của CUPRA sẽ là cầu thủ đầu tiên sẽ được trao chiếc xe có tên Formentor.

New CUPRA Formentor front view the suv coupe


New CUPRA Formentor plug in hybrid the suv coupe
New CUPRA Formentor rear close up view the suv coupe


19 allow wheels of the CUPRA Formentor


New CUPRA Formentor interior design


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denpietrau

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Tòa án Trọng tài thể thao (CAS - The Court of Arbitration for Sport) đã ra phán quyết bác bỏ đơn kháng cáo của CLB Santos (Brazil) lên FIFA với yêu cầu đòi bồi thường 61.295.000 euro trong diễn biến chuyển nhượng của Neymar Jr.

CAS cho rằng hợp đồng giữa Santos và cầu thủ đã kết thúc bằng một thỏa thuận chung, do đó FC Barcelona không vi phạm bất kỳ thỏa thuận chuyển nhượng nào khi trả thêm tiền cho cha của Neymar Jr và công ty môi giới N&N. Đồng thời theo phán quyết, CAS bắt buộc CLB Santos phải đền bù án phí cho FC Barcelona là 20.000 francs Thụy Sĩ.

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denpietrau

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Ngày Quốc Khánh Catalunya năm nay được FC Barcelona đón nhận trong không khí rất đặc trưng mùa covid. Không diễu hành, tuần hành, mít-tinh. Cũng chẳng ầm ĩ đòi độc lập. Ban lãnh đạo FCB lặng lẽ đến dâng hoa ở tượng đài Rafael Casanova.

Phái đoàn gồm: Chủ tịch Nobita, các PCT Jordi CardonerJordi Moix, Pau Vilanova. Về phía các Socis có mặt Chủ tịch Hội liên hiệp các Penyes là Antoni Guil cùng mấy ông tai to mặt lớn nào đấy mình chẳng để ý. Ở ảnh trên có 2 cháu ngoan bác Nô nhưng bịt khẩu trang nên không nhận ra cháu nó ở lứa nào, con ông nào.

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denpietrau

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Trong khi người hâm mộ FC Barcelona vật lộn với ý tưởng nên hay không nên loại bỏ đương kim Chủ tịch câu lạc bộ sắp sửa nghỉ hưu là Josep Maria Bartomeu thì ngược lại người dân Barcelona và Catalunya choáng váng bởi quyết định nhanh gọn lẹ của Chính quyền....thật ra là của Tòa án tối cao đã phế truất Chủ tịch Ủy ban nhân dân tỉnh Catalunya là ngài Quim Torra i Pla

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Ảnh được lấy trên trang này

Trong khi các tờ báo lớn và nhân dân sục sôi căm giận vì một phán quyết mang tính hành pháp của Chính quyền Tây Ban Nha được ban bố thì các cổ động viên của xã nhà (không phải đám có số má được gọi là Socios nhé) chỉ ước mong mình được lãnh đạo bởi một chính quyền quyết đoán như thế này.


Ban lãnh đạo FC Barcelona gửi thông cáo chính thức lên tiếng Cực lực phản đối hành động của Tòa án tối cao là vi phạm nghiêm trọng quyền tự do, tính dân chủ của nhân dân cần lao xứ Catalunya. Xã nhà luôn khẳng định xung đột chính trị tại quê nhà là chuyện lâu đời qua nhiều thế hệ và phải được giải quyết thông qua đối thoại chứ không bao giờ thông qua vài ba cái tòa án chỉ nhận đơn từ của một phe.

Trong một hành động mang tính liên quan. Pere Aragonès được chỉ định làm người thay thế Chủ tịch Ủy ban nhân dân tỉnh Catalunya. Ông này có mặt trong ảnh bên dưới chắc ai cũng nhận ra được nhỉ. Ảnh được lấy từ trang này
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Nói chung câu chuyện đòi quyền lợi của nhân dân tỉnh Catalunya không hót cho lắm.
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Ảnh biếm họa của Jos Collignon.
 

denpietrau

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Sân bóng của đội B là Estadi Johan Cruyff đã giành giải Bạc của IAUD 2020 International Design Awards (Giải thiết kế quốc tế IAUD 2020) hạng mục Không gian cộng đồng. 1 tiêu chí nữa là sân có các tiện ích hỗ trợ người khuyết tật.

IAUD có trụ sở ở Nhật Bản và giải thưởng này ra đời từ năm 2010. Sân Johan Cruyff khánh thành từ 27/8/2019 là sân nhà cho đội B và đội nữ. Đây là sân đầu tiên của châu Âu lắp bóng đèn Led. Sân bóng được mô tả là hiện diện của các yếu tố: Đội bóng huyền thoại, cầu thủ huyền thoại, phức hợp nhiều tiêu chí cộng đồng theo tiêu chí của giải thưởng.

Nhân giải thưởng này chúng ta ngó qua chút về các danh hiệu.

Giải đặc biệt (1 giải) cho United States Olympic & Paralympic Museum (USOPM)
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Giải Vàng (9 mục) dành cho:
- Thị trấn Borås (tây Thụy Điển)
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- Nhà trọ suối nước nóng Naniwa Ryokan (Nhật)
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- Font chữ dành cho người khuyết tật ở Kuwasawa Design School, thành phố Shibuya
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- Website PANDAID được xây dựng thời Covid-19 để chung tay đẩy lùi bệnh dịch
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- Dự án 5G của Fujitsu
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- Mô hình khởi nghiệp của Shekulo Tov Group (Israel)
- Nhà vệ sinh ở ga Shinjuku do Công ty Design Office Gondola thiết kế
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- Thang máy của Mistubishi tại các căn hộ nhỏ và trung tâm chăm sóc của bệnh viện
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- ATOUN Inc với sản phẩm robot trợ giúp con người
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denpietrau

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Nhân dịp sắp diễn ra cuộc bầu cử Chủ tịch mới, FC Barcelona xuất bản loạt bài về lịch sử các cuộc bầu cử của CLB. Hình thức trải dài theo lịch sử từ những ngày sơ khai mở đầu cho đến giai đoạn bị mất quyền dân chủ dưới thời độc tài Tây Ban Nha và hành động quyết liệt của các Chủ tịch để đòi lại quyền tự quyết của nền dân chủ Catalunya. Do thời gian không cho phép và diễn đàn cũng không còn người sinh hoạt nên mình không dịch lại ra tiếng Việt. Các bạn chịu khó đọc bản tiếng Anh nhé.

Bài 1:

When there were no elections at Barça (1899-1952)​

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Today, no option to become president of Barça is contemplated other than the democratic elections, though this has only been the case since 1978. On March 7, the fourteenth presidential elections will be held, and over the next few weeks, The Center for Documentation and Studies will publish a series of four articles to gain an in-depth understanding of the democratic evolution of the club and how the people who have led the entity throughout its history have been chosen.

It all started on November 29, 1899 when Joan Gamper and eleven friends founded FC Barcelona and had to appoint a president for the new entity. Gamper proposed Walter Wild, and everyone agreed.

From then on, a sort of friendly and agreed presidential rotation was established. This system was the procedure for electing the club's presidents for a long period of time, and is how Bartomeu Terrades, Paul Haas, Arthur Witty, Josep M. Soler, Juli Marial and Vicenç Reig were chosen.

This election system would be reflected in the entity's governing documents. In the 1902 Statutes of Foot-ball Club Barcelona, in its third chapter, article 9 and successive ones, it is stated that "The Society will be governed by a Board of Directors of seven members". This meeting will be renewed annually, with the possibility of being re-elected, and the responsibility of appointing the positions will be the responsibility of the General Meeting. The Statutes of 1911 will modify these conditions, extending the members of the board to nine with a term of two years.

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Poster commemorating the 25th anniversary of FC Barcelona. (1899-1924) by Josep Sagrelles

At the end of 1908, Gamper became president for the first time in the context of serious internal crises that endangered the survival of the institution. Gamper would also be president on four other occasions, in 1910, 1917, 1921 and 1924. His charismatic figure dominated Barça throughout that period, leading him to great success.

By the early 1920s, Barça were already the great sports entity in Catalonia. Successful in sports, relevant in the social sphere and with enormous civic and cultural significance, they had Catalanism as its cornerstone. The club grew from 3,000 to 12,000 members in just four years, with the members continuing to choose their president in assembly at the beginning of the dictatorship of General Primo de Rivera (1923-1930), when the civil governor of Barcelona, Joaquín Milans del Bosch, decreed the closure of the club for six months after a whistle during the Royal March at a match against Jupiter in homage to Orfeó Català. As well as the club being closed, Gamper was 'invited' to leave the presidency and go into exile, with Jupiter forced to change their crest. Only the intercession of Arcadi Balaguer - closely related to the monarchy - managed to save the club from complete disappearance. Arcadi Balaguer was the first president of the club imposed by the authorities, and he held office until 1929, practically until the end of the regime. However, the rest of the positions on the board continued to be elected in an assembly of delegates, as can be seen in the official gazettes of the time.

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FC Barcelona statutes signed by the president Pere Cabot on18 November 1902 and presented in front of the Civil Barcelona Government
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Reproduction of the History of FC Barcelona 1899-1924, written by sports journalist Daniel Carbó i Santaeulària, known as 'Correcuita'
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Minutes from the FC Barcelona Board meeting 6 June 1924. The last with Hans Gamper as president.
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FC Barcelona offices. Circa 1920. – FC Barcelona Archive / Source Gamper family.
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Reproduction of the statement from the civil governor of Barcelona, Joaquín Milans del Bosch, published in “La Vanguardia” 25 June 1925, resulting in the Club being closed down for six months.
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Hans Gamper posing together with the players on the day of the opening of the Camp de les Corts. 22 May 1922. – FC Barcelona Archive / Source Gamper Family.
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Minutes from the FC Barcelona Board Meeting 17 December 1925. Arcadi Balaguer takes over as president of the Club – ES CAT-AFCB 11415. pp. 191.
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Arcadi Balaguer i Costa, FC Barcelona president (1925-1929). – FC Barcelona Archive
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Futbol Club Barcelona Official Bulletin. June-July 1928. – FC Barcelona Archive


This intervention of the state on behalf of the club ended with the weakening of the dictatorship. During the presidencies of Tomàs Rosés, Gaspar Rosés, Antoni Oliver, Joan Coma and Esteve Sala, however, the difficult circumstances of the time had to be dealt with; a time when the arrival of the Second Republic and social politicisation coincided with Barça's decline.

The new version of the 1932 Statutes, promoted during the presidency of Joan Coma, established a board of directors of eleven members elected by the Ordinary General Assembly with the possibility of being re-elected. Article 16 dictates that the members of the council "shall be renewed by thirds each year, and shall remain in it for a period of three years".

On July 27, 1935, Josep Suñol assumed the presidency of FC Barcelona in a very complex economic and social context, both in terms of the entity and the country. The club were initially able to move forward, but due to the outbreak of the civil war, it truncated. Everyone and everything was threatened, including a normal way of the life, and Josep Suñol was assassinated by rebellious soldiers in the Sierra de Guadarrama (Madrid) during the first days of the coup whilst on a trip.

On August 15, 1936, at the peak of the revolutionary maelstrom in Barcelona, the club was seized by an Employees Committee led by Rossend Calvet, Josep Farré and Josep Pujol. However, if you consult the minutes books of the club, you can discover the true nature of this action. They say that "by a union unit the pitch at Les Corts had been requisitioned" and that, in response, "the employees of FC Barcelona who, in contact with the Board of Directors, in anticipation (...) had received with prior consent to seize, if necessary, the entity (...) motivated by the esteem and affection they feel for FC Barcelona". In 1937, with the loss of influence of anarcho-syndicalism, Barça returned to normal, with Francesc Xavier Casals taking office as president after being appointed at a meeting of the board of directors.

The end of the civil war and the establishment of the Franco regime marked a new point in the history of the club and its governance. The Franco regime had the will to exercise vertical control of Spanish sport executed with an iron fist, trying to impregnate it with the fascist and militarist values of the regime. There was a clear will to annihilate the civic character and sociocultural significance that FC Barcelona had had since its creation, forever. The state assumed, through the National Sports Delegation, the drafting of the statutes of the clubs, the appointment of their presidents and the purging of their leaders, employees and athletes not related to the new order. The members had no right to anything, not even just to meet in assembly.

Thus, in 1939 a Management Commission was imposed on FC Barcelona until the National Sports Delegation decided to appoint Enrique Piñeyro, Marqués de la Mesa de Asta, as the new president. The meeting minutes of March 13, 1940 reproduces Piñeyro's inauguration speech, where he makes it very clear what his priorities will be: “We have to consider our mandate as a service to the cause of the aggrandisement of Spain. In everyone's mind there are past events that should not be repeated." And he continued: "There are things (…) that left so as not to return to Spain, and some of these things also left this club."

This position was reflected in the 1940 Statutes. The club's archive has a copy of these statutes thanks to the donation made by Jordi Finestres and Xavier G. Luque to the Center for Documentation and Studies of FC Barcelona in 2015. In this document is proof of the attempt to denature the club, materialised in the change of name to "Club de Fútbol Barcelona" and of the crest, "which will be the same as it has been until now, divided into two areas (... ) by a strip on a gold background in which the initials CFB are stamped. The upper part will include the city's coat of arms, consisting of a red cross in the left half and two vertical red stripes, on a yellow background," removing the Catalan flag. Luckily the colours didn't change...

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The statutes of 1940 express the change of the name and crest of the club

Regarding the club's governance, a council of between 12 and 18 members was established who may or may not have been members of the entity. The president was able to be appointed by the Catalan Football Federation with the approval of the Spanish Federation. In addition, to demonstrate the affinity of the president with the regime, it was necessary to prove where he worked before the war, what he did during the conflict and until its end. These requirements were also extended to officers who, like the president, couldn't resign from office without the approval of the authorities. Lastly, the regime threatened to expel members who "due to their moral, social or political behaviour" deserved it.

This situation continued until a fissure in the regulations allowed that on September 20, 1946, it would be the Barcelona managers themselves who elected Agustí Montal i Galobart as a new president, and with this a certain openness began to be experienced within the club. Montal i Galobart called a first assembly of delegates in July 1948, although the regime only allowed the presence of 1% of the total number of members. FC Barcelona was rebuilding itself socially and sportingly, going from 3,486 members in 1939 to 30,000 at the end of Montal's term. The creation of an advisory council was promoted, the figure of Joan Gamper was restored to the memory of the club, there was a distancing from the regime and the 50th anniversary of the entity was successfully celebrated. Montal was re-elected by acclamation and in 1952 he transferred power to manager Enric Martí Carreto.

 
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Opening up and the fight for democracy (1952-1977)​

Electric-FCB-Juan-Gamper.jpg


On 16 July 1952 Agustí Montal i Galobart transfers power to his vice president Enric Martí Carreto leaving behind him a great presidential legacy: consolidating the team’s position in the elite of Spanish sport thanks to the victories in the league in 1948 and 1949 as well as the Barça of the 5 Cups in 1952 and the purchase of the land to build Camp Nou following the first ever referendum in the Club’s history.

Martí Carretó had been acting as president of the director’s council for the previous two year but after the elections in May 1952 he became Barça president. The elections were called on 23 April 1952 when the board approved some unusual regulations for taking part which were recorded in the minutes of the Boar’s meetings. “The calling of elections is agreed in line with the Spanish Football Federation. As such the following regulations are approved: First: The right to take part in these elections, as well as to be proclaimed a candidate, belongs to all adult male members up until number 30,122, that is to say, all members who have links to the club for at least two years and have access to social rights.”

The regulations excluded women and establish a minimum of 1,305 guarantees to be proclaimed a candidate. This last requisite was decisive as on 16 July Enric Martí Carretó was chosen president of FC Barcelona without opposition as his rival, Esteve Felip Ferrer, did not fulfil the aformentioned conditions.

During the summer of 1953 an episode took place that served to feed the belief that the sporting authorities of the country’s regime only had eyes for the capital given that however much the Barça directors supported the regime, the result never seemed to change. After a shady behind the scenes turn of events, Alfredo Di Stéfano joined Real Madrid despite the blaugranes being intially well placed to sign the Argentine. The ill feeling brought about by the affair led the resignation of Martí Carretón on 28 September 1953 due to pressure from both internal and external sources for having accepted the conditions imposed by the national sporting authorities with regards to the Di Stéfano saga.

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László Kubala and Alfredo Di Stéfano in 1953. Autor: Ramón Dimas / Vida Deportiva

A managing commission took control of the Club with the aim of calling elections as soon as possible. On 7 October 1953 the election details were officially announced in the press, the regulations following more or less the precedents set in previous elections. This time, two candidates made the cut and on 14 November 1953 elections took place for the first time with all male members allowed to vote for the first time in the Club’s history.

The aspiring candidates were 35 year old Francesc Miró-Sans and 71 year old Amat Casajuana. Miró-Sans was a businessman from the textiles industry who had been part of the short lived board under Martí Carretó. His role as part of the ‘Movimiento Nacional’ meant he had a good relationship with the Franco regime. Amat Casajuana, for his part, was an industrial engineer who had fulfilled various roles under president Arcadi Balaguer in the 1920s. For the main part, the campaign focused on the pressing need for a new home with room for more fans. Curiously enough, both Miró-Sans and Casajuana agreed on the necessity of a new stadium despite the latter’s initial reluctance. During the 1950s the number of FC Barcelona members increased notably from 26,300 to 52,791 in the period 1950-1961.

The new electoral condition led to an unprecedented turnout with 17,241 members exercising their right to vote. Miro-Sans claimed victory by a margin of just 301 votes, however, the voting process was far from exemplary. Aside from the exclusion of female members, voters could cast a vote for every members’ card they were in possession of, with the card’s owner not necessarily present.

The regulations for the 1953 elections did not last long with the authorities far from happy with what had happened with regards to voting. Therefore, until the end of the dictatorship, the voting system for FC Barcelona presidential elections would take the form of votes from members’ representatives chosen by lottery as well as votes from members of ‘merit’ and former presidents.

With the new regulations in place and with the boost given by a recently opened Camp Nou, Miró-Sans once again triumphed in the elections held on 7 January 1958, beating his rival Antoni Palés by 158 votes to 55 votes.

The financial crisis brought by the construction of the Camp Nou stadium as well as divisions amongst members with regards to the figure of the president, a man with authoritarian traits, led Francesc Miró-Sans to resign on 28 February 1961.

A managing commission led by Antoni Julià de Capmany, vice president of the exiting Board of Directors, took control of the club on a temporary basis in the midst of a grave sporting, social and financial crisis. In order to ease the economic pressure on the organisation, Luis Suárez was sold to Internazionale of Milan for the not inconsiderable in those days sum of 25 million pesetas.

Elections were called for 7 June 1961 and two former directors from the Miró-Sans presidency decided to stand. Enric Llaudet, a textile engineer, defeated Jaume Fuset, a jewel trader, by 122 votes to 98 votes.

On the challenges facing the Enric Llaudet presidency was to negotiate the revaluation of the land at Camp de les Corts. These negotiations, prior to any future sale, took time and it was not until May 1966 that the Club was able to receive the 226 million pesetas paid by the real estate group Habitat.

With the project to revaluate the land well under way, Llaudet was well positioned to do well in the elections called for 15 May 1965. His victory came thanks to a vote of 164 to 53 over his opponent, Josep Maria Vendrell.

At the start of the 1967/68 season, a series of events brought president Enric Llaudet to call elections for 1 September 1967, elections at which he declined to stand. Amongst the most significant of these events were the failure to include critical voices in the consultative body and the controversy brought about by statements from a frustrated technical secretary Casildo Osés claiming his contract was brought to an end because he was not Catalan.

Llaudet’s resignation represented the end of an era and the Barça figures of influence searched for a man of consensus to govern the Club. The candidate needed to able to bring together the varying sensibilities of Barça fans and on a socio-political level, needed to be seen as a man of confidence by the authorities yet at the same time have links to Catalan society in the second half of the 1960s; a society that was taking small steps towards a reclamation of civic spaces via democratic means.

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Minutes from the FC Barcelona board meeting 23 April 1952
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Election announcement in the press on 14 November 1953 – ES CAT-AFCB 11034 / Fons Miró Sans.
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Miró-Sans electoral progamme published in “La Vanguardia”, Amat Casajuana's in “El Mundo Deportivo”. – ES CAT-AFCB 11034 / Fons Miró Sans.
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Francesc Miró Sans voting on November 1953. Pérez de Rozas / Olympia. – ES CAT-AFCB 11034 / Fons Miró Sans.
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Approval for Francesc Miró-Sans as president of FC Barcelona from RFEF via FCF. – ES CAT-AFCB 07963.
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Cover Revista Barça 9 January 1958 – Archive FC Barcelona.
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Minutes board meeting FC Barcelona 28 de February 1961. Francesc Miró-Sans announces resignation – ES CAT-AFCB 11430. Pàg. 63 i 64.
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Enric Llaudet after winning elections on 7 June 1961. – ES CAT-AFCB AF-016-02-025. Autor: J. Domingo / Fons Revista Barça.
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Enric Llaudet with the cheque from the sale of the Camp de les Corts 18 May 1966. – ES CAT-AFCB 01109. © FC Barcelona / Autor: Horacio Seguí.
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Article in which “Més que un Club” is mentioned for first time – Archive FC Barcelona.
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Minutes meeting FC Barcelona 4 November 1969. Narcís De Carreras resigns as president. – ES CAT-AFCB 11431. Pàg. 171 i 172.

The man chosen was Narcís de Carreras, who on 17 January 1968, without the need of elections as he was the only candidate to stand, became president. De Carreras had been vice president under Montal, Galobart and Martí Carreto and in his youth he had had political affiliations with the Lliga Regionalista, despite the fact that later on he fell in line with the Francoist doctrine of the day.

In his inaugural speech as president, made in Catalan at the events room at the ‘Foment de Treball Nacional’, De Carreras used the phrase “More than a club’ for the very first time in front of the members’ representatives gathered before him. Those words were echoed in various media of the day such as the ‘Revista Barça’. “I come to the presidency of Barcelona with all the enthusiasm that you could ask for. Barcelona is more than a football club, Barcelona is more than a place where people go on Sundays to see the team play: more than all those things, it is a spirit that we all have deep inside of us, colours that we love more than anything else.”

A poor season in the 1968/69 campaign on the field, tensions amongst fans off it and with a divided board due to a lack of confidence of certain members in coach Salvador Artigas - some of whom even travelled to Italy to hold talks with Helenio Herrera – led to the resignation of Narcís de Carreras on 5 November 1969. In the minutes of the board meeting that day, the secretary writes in reference to the position of the president: “He considers that a state of tension has been reached, looking at the results of the team, which makes normal management unsustainable, taking into account the unity that there needs to be in a directing body.” The resignation led to the calling of more elections for the FC Barcelona presidency on 18 December 1969.

After the candidates Josep Campabadal and Josep Domènech abandoned the race, the elections came down to a head-to-head battle between Agustí Montal i Costa and Pere Baret i Sabater. The two men had come face to face before in the board presided over by Narcís de Carreras and they represented two very different ways of thinking. Baret represented a break from the norm with in terms of the Club’s traditional powerbase given that he did not come from the textile industry. Montal, the son of a former president, represented the tradition that had administered the Club more or less without interruption for the last 40 years.

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Agustí Montal i Costa Election poster 1969.– ES CAT-AFCB 11229 / Fons Agustí Montal.

The atmosphere was tense due to polarising nature of the campaign in which even the press took sides. All this led to a sense of great expectation amongst the Club’s members and fans despite the fact that voting was still restricted to members’ representatives. The elections took place in the Palau de les Nacions de la Fira de Mostres and 228 electors cast their votes. The count saw Agustí Montal take victory by 126 votes to 112. An era began, not without obstacles, that became key for the Club in recovering its sense of significance and its return to its civic and democratic essence.

Linked to the Catalanist branch of FC Barcelona, Montal was opposed to the centralised nature of sporting administration as practised by the Spanish Authorities. Proof of this lay in his firm position before the Spanish Football Federation in favour of FC Barcelona’s interests in the Guruceta affair in June 1970. Furthermore, Agustí Montal’s board butted heads with the state sporting authorities after claiming discrimination against Barça’s interests after they were prevented from signing the players Heredia and Cos due to their lack of Spanish ancestry; they were not oriundos. Montal sent a group of lawyers to South America – amongst them a young Miquel Roca i Junyent – who were able to ascertain that the majority of players signed by Spanish clubs due to being classified as oriundos, were in reality lacking Spanish ancestry.

During Montal’s mandate a wish of the former boards of directors came true: to have a multi-sport pavilion where the sports sections could work in the conditions merited at a club like Barça. On 23 October 1971 the Palau Blaugrana was opened and a week later the Ice Rink also.

From a symbolic point of view, the original name of the entity, “Futbol Club Barcelona” was re-established in place of the Spanish version of “Club de Fútbol Barcelona” imposed on the club in 1941. Furthermore, the Catalan language was re-established in areas of such significance as official Club documents, membership cards and on the stadium’s PA system.

The previously mentioned oriundo affair led to the possibility of signing foreign players. This easing of restrictions opened the door to the arrival of Johan Cruyff, considered the best player in the world, in the summer of 1973. With Cruyff in a blaugrana shirt, Barça claimed the league title in 1974 for the first time in 14 years.

In the midst of the 1973/74 season elections were called. They took place on 18 December 1973 and voting, still restricted to members’ representatives, took place at the Palau Blaugrana. Montal stood for re-election and his only rival was industrialist Lluís Casacuberta. A significant difference to the elections in 1969 was the number of members’ representatives. From almost 300 in 1969 to more than 1,500 in 1973. That, many thought, might have led to a more open election but with the successful signing of Cruyff still fresh in the memory, Montal romped to victory with 902 votes to 302.

During the second mandate of Agustí Monta i Costa the Club celebrated its 75th anniversary. The date came at a moment when the entity was beginning to assert its unique nature in front of Catalan society and it was vital to celebrate the anniversary in the relevant manner.

A commemorative poster was commissioned from the artist Joan Miró, friendlies were played against Manchester City and the East German national team as well the celebration of various eventis of a social and cultural nature. Highlights included a festival of Catalan music at the Palau Blaugrana and most importantly, the gathering of members at Montserrat. However, if one element has embedded itself into the Club’s very fabric, it is the ‘Cant del Barça’ the organisation’s current anthem, which was selected as part of the 75th anniversary celebrations.

The death of Francisco Franco on 20 November 1975 marked the beginning of the era of transition to democracy, although it was far from immediate. FC Barcelona was not immune to this process and it became a vital player in the path to democracy. Barça joining the Congress of Catalan Culture, the campaign ‘We want a Statute’ or the state of sporting broadcasts in Catalan, with the help of Barça, were all a demonstration of this. Perhaps the most moving of all these examples was the visit to Camp Nou of the president of the re-established Generalitat, Josep Tarradellas, back from exile, on 30 October 1977. The visit was commemorated in an official poster designed by the artist Avel·lí Artís-Gener, 'Tísner', of which 3,000 copies were made. The poster welcomed Tarradellas with the phrase “Welcome home, President” and also contained verses from poet Salvador Espriu: “We remain faithful forever more to the service of the people.”

On 18 December 1977 Agustí Montal ended his second mandate and left the presidency. Raimon Carrasco, vice president, assumed the role temporarily until new elections on 6 May 1978.

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Electoral material for Agustí Montal i Costa in 1969 elections. – ES CAT-AFCB 11229 / Fons Agustí Montal.
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Debate poster from 1969 elections, Pere Baret. – ES CAT-AFCB 11162.
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Crowd protests performance of referee Emilio Carlos Guruceta, 6 June 1970. – ES CAT-AFCB 01456. © FC Barcelona / Autor: Horacio Seguí.
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Report on 'oriundos' case by FC Barcelona. – ES CAT-AFCB 08988 / Fons Agustí Montal
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Bulletins from FC Barcelona in November/December 1973 with original name returned – Archive FC Barcelona
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Johan Cruyff signs for FC Barcelona on 23 August 1973. – ES CAT-AFCB 00276. © FC Barcelona / Autor: Horacio Seguí.
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Commemorative poster (1974). – Archive FC Barcelona.
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Sheet music from “Cant del Barça” – ES CAT-AFCB 09579
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Bulletin FC Barcelona November/December 1976, start of broadcasting in Catalan. - Archive FC Barcelona.
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Commemorative poster for visit of president Josep Tarradellas to Camp Nou on 30 October 1977 by Avel·lí Artís-Gener “Tísner”. – ES CAT-AFCB 09233.

Notes:
  • May 2007 the former president Agustí Montal i Costa made a donation form his archive to the FC Barcelona Documentation Centre of texts, press documents and 16 albums of around 600 photographs.
  • In September 2007 Antoni Miró Sans Balcells made a donation to the FC Barcelona Documentation Centre from the archive of his uncle, Francesc Miró-Sans. The material contains 10 texts, 28 photographs and 2 press dossiers.

 

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Barça and democracy (1978-2003)​

After years of struggle and the return of democracy, Barça are finally able to hold free elections based on universal suffrage

Even before the dictator’s death, president Agustí Montal i Costa had publicly asked for the democratisation and decentralisation of the structure of Spanish Football. The commitment to democracy made by president Montal, both inside the Club and within society itself, led him to hand over presdential power on a temporary basis to Raimon Carrasco once his mandate had come to an end in December 1977. Montal stepped aside so as not to influence the election process, declaring that he would not publicly support any candidate.

The only objective set for the presidency of Raimon Carrasco was, therefore, the organisation of the first set of democratic elections in the Club’s history; elections with direct, universal suffrage, secret ballots, candidates, campaigns and total transparency. The board tried to extend suffrage to all over the age of 18 but it was made official and the electoral register contained only those members over the age of 21 with more than four years to their names as members. In total the voters numbered 53,688 for the elections called for Saturday, 6 May 1978.

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Institutional poster from the 1978 Presidential elections by Tísner

Victory for democracy
The electoral campaign was a tense affair and it took place within the context of the process of the ‘Transició’ - the period of the return to democracy – in the country in which everything was analysed along party political lines. A dozen people began the precandidate campaign but only five were able to gain the guarantees necessary: Joan Casals (1,887 signatures), director of a travel agency; Nicolau Casaus, a textile executive and an important figure in the world of Barça supporters’ clubs since the 1940s (2,323 signatures); Josep Lluís Núñez, a real estate developer (3,404 signatures); the businessman and sociologist Ferran Ariño, a member of the previous board, (3,625 signatures); and the advertising executive Víctor Sagi, son of the former player Emili Sagi-Barba and nephew of the first female Barça director, Anna Maria Martínez Sagi, who started out as favourite after collecting 3,683 signatures only to drop out of the race shortly afterwards claiming that too many candidates would only fragment and weaken the Club.

The main themes of the campaign were, primarily, the Club’s financial state, turning around the football team’s form, internal reform and the avoidance of political interference. The main debate concerned Barça’s role beyond mere sporting matters. Part of the membership were behind the “more than a Club” sentiment expressed by Montal in a 1977 speech before the Club’s Assembly in which he said “Questioning what Barcelona represents beyond sport and to have it reliant on winning trophies is to confuse two separate issues and goes against the very essence of an entity that has, through its long history of loyalty, has earned itself the title of Catalan institution.” On the other hand, another sector of Barça fans and members were inclined to avoid any kind of non-sporting role for the Club. Now that institutions had been returned and normality and freedom was in the process of being returned – they believed – it was important to prioritise the Club’s sporting role, help it grow to create a ‘winning Barça’, albeit without renouncing the Club’s Catalan nature.

The candidacy of Josep Lluís Núñez was able to attract support from other candidates, had the backing of several important Barça figures and was also able to come to an agreement with the candidacy of Joan Casals. All of this helped Núñez to a slender victory by a margin of little more than 800 votes. With a turnout of 49% he received 10,352 votes ahead of Ariño on 9,537 and Nicolau Casaus on 6,202.

The building of a triumphant Barça
Josep Lluís Núñez i Clemente came to the FC Barcelona presidency with a markedly different approach to previous mandates, based on sound financial management as a basis for sporting success. Núñez as president spelt the end of the long line of FC Barcelona leaders from the textile industry. Amongst the supporters of the new president, the expression “breaking the chain” became popular to refer to this break with tradition.

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Institutional portrait of Josep Lluís Núñez, president FC Barcelona (1978-2000).

One of the first measures taken by the new president were to offer the vice presidency to Nicolau Casaus to bring him into his management team and as such extend his power base into Catalanist sectors as well sending a letter to members to set out his plans for the future. The beginning of his mandate were marked by some financial housekeeping, as well as the growth of assets (the extension to Camp Nou and the construction of the Miniestadi and Museum as well the opening of La Masia, the residency for young players) and by the growth in members with the 100,000 mark surpassed. On a sporting level, instability was the order of the day despite some good results and the arrival of start such Simonsen, Schuster and Maradona.

Another measure was the statute reform, adapting them to the new Sport Law passed during the transition to democracy. These new statutes declared that FC Barcelona is a non-profit making private association of a cultural and sporting nature. In chapter II, article 6, relating to members’ rights, it sets out their rights to be informed of the Club’s activities and inspect Club documentation (point 4), the right to express themselves freely before the Club’s bodies (point 5), and to be voters and eligible for the representative bodies. Section 3 stated that the election of the president would be via universal suffrage in a free and secret ballot amongst member over the age of 18 and establishing a mandate of four years with the members of the directors’ board being eligible for re-election. Therefore, regulations were set out for the full participation of members in the political life of the organisation and the auditing of the task of management.

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Management report: FC Barcelona 1978/79

The president was re-elected automatically in 1981 (the calling of elections were brought forward to avoid coinciding with the 1982 World Cup) and in 1985. Elections were not necessary as no other candidature was put forward.

Nevertheless, there were critical voices with regards to the Josep Lluís Núñez’s management of the Club. A group opposed to the board united around the GOB (Grup d’opinió barcelonista), who on 31 October 1986 published in the press a “Blaugrana manifesto” where they made public their unhappiness with the current presidency which in their understanding was undermining Barça as a movement. To that was added the “Hespería Affair”. On 28 April 1988 due to disagreement abot contractual and financial obligations between the first team squad and the Club’s management, the first team players and their coach appeared in a press conference at the Hotel Hespería in Barcelona in which they issued a statement demanding the resignation of the president. The personal archive of Antoni Muntañola i Tey - board secretary at the time – forms part of the Club’s archive and brings together all of the material relating to the matter.

The Club’s management felt obliged to take the reins with regards to sporting matters and they did so by bringing in Johan Cruyff as coach and manager and revamping the first team squad. La Masia began to bear fruit with players such as Amor, Ferrer, Sergi, Milla and Guardiola establishing themselves in the first team squad. Home grown players combined with top quality signings from elsewhere such as Ronald Koeman, who would arrive the following season, and a new Barça style was born, right from the youngest teams to the professionals at the top.

Re-election and success
The next elections for the FC Barcelona presidency were called for 1 April 1989 and this time there was notable opposition to the Board of Directors. From more than half a dozen precandidates, the race boiled down to two: Josep Lluís Núñez and Sixte Cambra, a businessman linked to the world of tennis with the candidacy of former player Josep Maria Fusté joining that of Cambra which also received support from the GOB.

During the campaign the Núñez candidacy played up their decade of experience managing the Club. “Us, Realities” was their slogan. A report on the 10 years of Josep Llúis Núñez’s presidency played up their achievements: 30,000 new members, 76 trophies, a surplus of 2,600 million pesetas and assets which had risen from 13 to 2,571 million in just 10 years, as well as the extension of Camp Nou, the building of the Miniestadi and the opening of the Museum. Added to that was the promise of independence from external political, economic and media pressure. Sixte Cambra, for his part, promised a ‘change of style’ and centred on three main topics: promoting the role of women through sport, the sporting sections and the Olympic Games; with regards to financial matters he was committed to transparency and a social plan to make the most of the Club’s role in supporting Catalonia, limiting mandates and promoting direct participation from the members in managing the Club via referenda. The voting was held at the Miniestadi and Núñez received 25,441 votes to Cambra’s 17,609.

The presidency of Josep Lluís Núñez entered into its most successful period. The founding pillars of the ‘Dream Team’ were formed and with Cruyff in charge of the team, the league titles kept coming and the long dreamt of first European Cup title was also claimed. The organisation went global and financial success followed sporting success. The Foundation took its first steps and planning for a new training ground and a stadium refurbishment was started.

With regards to the bodies governing the Club, the new statutes from 1992 saw the reapperance of the Senate, a collegiate body with a consultative role made up of the 1,000 longest serving members, reformed in 1989 after creation in the 1960s. The figure of the members’ ombudsman was also created: a one-man body independent of the board of directors with the role of assisting, advising and defending members in any matter relating to the Club. At the same time, the duration of a board of directors’ mandate was extended to five seasons, running from 1 July to 30 June.

Núñez was re-elected on 7 January 1993 without the need for elections as no other candidate stood. Four years later it was a different matter.

The end of an era
The elections in 1997 arrived in the midst of tense atmosphere at the heart of the Club. The comprehensive defeat in the 1994 Champions League final in Athens brought to end one of the most golden of generations of players at the Club. A rebuilt squad also saw the departure of coach Johan Cruyff and the polarisation of the fans and members.

Aside from the standing president, there were three other precandidates: Àngel Fernández, a real estate executive; Jaume Llauradó, president of the Samitier Forum and the lawyer Josep Oriola. All three, however, united to form one candidacy led by Fernández. Limiting mandates and bringing the members closer to the managing of the Club were the main policies of the opposition. Election day was set for 27 July, once again at the Miniestadi. Josep Lluís Núnez came out on top by 24,025 votes to the 5,209 received by Fernández some 19 years on from his first election victory.

Despite the handsome margin of victory in the elections, the opposition, organised around the Elefant Blau platform, put forward the idea of a censure vote against the board of directors. Led by Joan Laporta and Sebastià Roca, they were supported by important Barça figures such as Agustí Benedito, Armand Carabén, Albert Perrín and Alfons Godall. They protested about the lack of transparency surrounding the board of directors, the increase in the Club’s debt, alleged attempts at privatisation which endangered the Club’s ownership model whilst at the same time proposing a return to the Club’s original identity both on and off the field associated with the phrase “more than a club”. The initiative went ahead and on 7 March 1998 a vote was held with 24,863 votes (61.5%) against the censure and 14,358 (35.5%) in favour. The vote of censure had failed but Elefant Blau had established itself as an alternative to the current board.

Josep Lluís Núñez tried to energise his sixth mandate as Barça president. Coach Louis Van Gaal was brought in to improve on the field matters and new business and asset management approaches were looked at. Furthermore, the Club celebrated a successful Centenary season in 1998/99 yet the years had worn down Josep Lluís Núñez and he stepped down as FC Barcelona president at the end of the 1999/2000 season after 22 years in the job.

The presidency of Joan Gaspart
The elections for president that were to take place on 23 July 2000 were special for one reason; Barça would have a new president for the first time in two decades.

There were many wary of a continuity candidate. Many different groups and platforms existed at the time, and had done for a while, amongst which were the already mentioned Elefant Blau led by Joan Laporta, the Associació pel futur blaugrana and Joan Castella, Carlos Tusquets and Josep Martínez-Rovira’s la Plataforma Força Blaugrana and Jaume Llauradó’s Fòrum Samitier. Other well-known Barça figures such as Àngel Fernández and Josep M. Minguella were also talked about as possible candidates. Amongst the board of directors, everything pointed to the hotelier Joan Gaspart, vice president under Núñez during his 22 years as president, would the likely candidate.

The proliferation of precandidates forced the opposition to join forces in search of one candidate they could all get behind, whilst Joan Gaspart tried to incorporate opposition elements into his candidacy to offer up a pluralist programme to begin a new stage in the Club’s history. On the one hand, the opposition rallied around the candidacy of Lluís Bassat, a well know figure from advertising, and on the other Joan Gaspart was able to gain the support of Joan Castells, Àngel Fernández, Jaume Llauradó and Gabrie Masfurroll.

Bassat launched his campaign with a direct slogan: “Let’s make the best Club in the world.” His approach was a rational, analytical one, based on planning, efficient management, internal reform and with a strong sporting management structure in the hands of specialists. Gaspart chose a direct message, appealing to Barça fans’ emotions and calling for “Passion for Barça.” The campaign provoked huge interest as opinion polls had the two candidates neck and neck and also because of the news that star player Luis Figo might be leaving for Real Madrid. Proof of this great expectation was the viewing figures for a televised debate between the two candidates broadcast on 17 July 2000 on Catalan TV station TV3; an audience of more than 1 million saw the programme, a share of more than 20%.

Joan Gaspart i Solves took victory by 25,181 votes to Lluís Bassat’s 19,791 and became the new Barça president. However, the new president’s mandate was marked by sporting and institutional instability with the high points being the success of the sporting sections and the placing of the first brick at the future training ground, the Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper. In the end, facing the possibility of another censure vote, Joan Gaspart resigned as president on 12 February 2003, with Enric Reyna i Martínez taking over on a temporary basis in order to organise elections for a new president.

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President Joan Gaspart lays the first brick at the Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper on 11 December 2000

 

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